Pages 173 - 208
A year and a half after the most violent urban riots France had ever experienced, Nicolas Sarkozy ran a presidential campaign focused on “national identity” and won. This article claims that immigrants’ children are a source of geopolitical conflict. France includes many descendants of migrants from Sub-Saharan and Northern Africa. Such individuals are often concentrated in segregated areas. This geopolitical conflict stems from the interaction of three factors: the history of France and its colonial past; local urban realities; and events occurring elsewhere in the world. This paper starts with an analysis of political context and the “memory war” leading up to the 2005 riots. Secondly, it looks at the history of ghettos. Lastly, it examines the history of the French concept of the nation and the issue of postcolonial identities. In doing so, a coherent argument emerges that accounts for the success of Nicolas Sarkozy’s political strategy.
- From National Identity to Ghettos or Vice Versa?
- National Identity in the 2007 Presidential Campaign and the Geopolitical Notion of the Nation
- Context of the “Memory War”
- The 2005 Riots
- Ghettos… and the Rest of the World
- Origins of Ghettos: The 1950s and 1960s
- Ghettos Today
- The Impact of Outside Geopolitical Factors: Oil Crises
- Events between 1988 and 1990
- Representations of Identities and of the Nation
- History of the Nation
- Nation(s) and Cohabitation
- Generational Gap in Perceptions of Migration
- Conclusion: Ghettos in the Nation