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Hérodote

2009/1 (No 132)

  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN : 9782707157386
  • DOI : 10.3917/her.132.0181
  • Publisher : La Découverte

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Abstract

English

On the 4th of November, the citizens of Detroit elected Barack Hussein Obama by 97%. They are expecting a lot from this election. In 2008, the city suffered from two economic crisis: the subprimes first and the automotive industry now. Poor, segregated and blight, Detroit has been completely abandoned by the Republicans since the end of the Empowerment Zone Program in 2004. Thus one can understand why Obama’s proposal to create an Office of Urban Policy that would be in charge of the coordination of federal urban policies, aroused enormous hope among the Detroiters. But Obama’s task will be very difficult. In Detroit, each and every urban policies have, until now, failed because they came up against the inequalitarian dynamic of capitalism, the metropolitan fragmentation and racism. In the city of the fight for civil rights and afrocentrism, the production of space is without any doubt founded on the fear of the Other.

Keywords

Outline

  1. The gentrification of Harlem: The challenge of renaissance
    1. The reintegration of Harlem into Manhattan, or the fixing of a geographical anomaly
    2. “The most famous neighborhood in the nation’s most famous city” (Jackson 1999)
    3. Reinvestment as a response to urban problems
  2. “Hurricane Columbia”
  3. Rivalries and conflicts surrounding the redevelopment of 125th Street
    1. Municipal objectives of the rezoning project
    2. The challenge
    3. The central role of elected officials
  4. Conclusion

To cite this article

Charlotte Recoquillon, “ Les enjeux de la revitalisation urbaine : Harlem, du ghetto au quartier chic ”, Hérodote 1/2009 (n° 132) , p. 181-201
URL : www.cairn.info/revue-herodote-2009-1-page-181.htm.
DOI : 10.3917/her.132.0181.

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