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Hérodote

2010/4 (No 139)

  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 9782707166579
  • DOI : 10.3917/her.139.0003
  • Publisher : La Découverte

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Abstract

English

The Partition syndrome and the four wars fought against India since 1947 are still defining Pakistan’s strategic paradigm, strengthened by the support provided to the Afghan mujahideen in the 80s and by the Kashmir insurgency in the 1990s. However, the instrumentalization of Islamist radical militias has a cost. After 9/11, General Musharraf redefined the official line regarding Afghan Taliban as well as jihadists operating in Kashmir. Despite the ambiguities of his policies, the shift was not acceptable for a section of the radicals, who have turned against the State, which must face insurgencies in Pashtun areas, urban terrorism, sectarian conflicts between Sunnis and Shiites, ethnic tensions, and economic slowdown. However, the all-powerful Army, a State within the State, is sticking to the paradigm: India is depicted as a greater threat than Pakistani Taliban and Punjabi extremists. A position strengthened by the limitations of the US AfPak policy, which ultimately offers new perspectives to Pakistan in Afghanistan.

Outline

  1. The Legacy of 1947: from Partition to the Secession of Bangladesh
    1. The Partition Syndrome
    2. The Kashmir Question
    3. The Secession of Bangladesh
  2. The National Question: Ethnicity and Regional Identities
    1. Ethnolinguistic Identities
    2. Federalism, Regionalism, Separatism
  3. The Instrumentalization of Armed Islamism
    1. Zia-ul-Haq: Islamization and Mujahideen
    2. The 1990s: Taliban and Jihad
    3. Sectarian Movements
  4. The Nuclear Factor and the Theory of Limited War
  5. Dilemma and Ambiguities: post-9/11
    1. The Limits of the Paradigm? A New Rhetoric
    2. Double Standards
    3. Indo-Pakistani Dialogue
    4. Islamist Rebellions, Increasing Terrorism, Talibanization
  6. The Paradigm in the Era of the American “AfPak” Policy
    1. The Indo-American rapprochement under George W. Bush
    2. Barack Obama and AfPak
    3. Paradigm Holds Strong: the Kayani Doctrine
  7. Conclusion: The Other Facet of the Paradigm

To cite this article

Jean-Luc Racine, “ Le paradigme pakistanais ”, Hérodote 4/2010 (n° 139) , p. 3-50
URL : www.cairn.info/revue-herodote-2010-4-page-3.htm.
DOI : 10.3917/her.139.0003.

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