Pages 125 - 142
Trafficking routes for narcotics, including cocaine and cannabis, have been crisscrossing the countries of the Sahel for several years. This new situation is evidence of changes in the global geo-economics of these two products and also highlights the strengthening status of Sahelian countries as transit areas, which is one way in which they join the global economy. Cocaine, for example, came to West Africa and the Sahel in the mid-2000s because of the emergence of Europe as the primary consumer market and of the increased danger (for traffickers) of the more direct routes between Latin American production areas and Europe. To classify the actors involved in this traffic in these countries, we need to discard the model of a global mafia that can buy local intermediaries. In fact, the presence of African actors, especially those that can be described as State mafias, seems inescapable. The profits generated by this traffic are now part of national economies and have already begun to finance politics and therefore to create policy.
- The Sahel Cannabis Route
- The Appearance of Cocaine in West Africa and the Sahel
- Who Are the Actors in the Cocaine Traffic?
- International Criminal Organizations
- African Mafia Groups
- Other Actors: Members of the Lebanese Diaspora and Saharan Tribes and Individuals from African Diasporas in Europe
- State Mafias
- What Are the Consequences of Drugs Transiting through the Sahel?