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Hérodote

2011/3 (No 142)

  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9782707169679
  • DOI : 10.3917/her.142.0183
  • Publisher : La Découverte

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Abstract

English

The Sahara is one of the last African regions to remain under-explored by oil companies. After the swift rise in crude oil prices about a decade ago, the land-locked nature of the terrain, the main hurdle standing in the way of exploration, had been overcome thanks to an exponential growth in sums set aside for exploration. The arrival on the scene of State enterprises, especially from China, also made profitability secondary to the pressing need to find new reserves. A study of the state of affairs in Mauritania, Mali, Niger, and Chad discloses how the situation differs from case to case. Some are already producing like Mauritania, albeit in small quantities, and Chad, which is the sole net exporter of the region, whereas Niger will begin producing in 2012 and Mali has not had a single well drilled for decades due to its haphazard choice of oil companies. The four States mentioned do not cooperate in any way in the oil sector even though this ought to be essential in a zone that has such special peculiarities in terms of climate, geography, and security as it is facing the threat of Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQMI) and the Tuareg.

Outline

  1. The Diverse Range of Oil Companies in the Sahara
    1. The Strong Presence of North African National Oil Companies
    2. Heavy Involvement by Asian Companies
    3. Private Companies Active in the Sahara
  2. Oil Governance in the Saharan Countries
    1. The Role of Donors in Chad
  3. What to Do with the Oil Discovered in the Landlocked Sahara
    1. Chinese Refineries and Diplomatic Gifts
    2. Exporting Crude Oil from Landlocked Regions
  4. The Mirage of the Trans-Sahara Gas Pipeline Project
    1. Problems with Availability of Reserves in Nigeria
    2. Security Risks along the Route
    3. An Illusory but Exciting Project
    4. An Opportunistic Scheme for Companies Eager to Get into Nigeria
    5. Gazprom’s Extraordinary Scheme
  5. Conclusion

To cite this article

Benjamin Augé, “ Les nouveaux enjeux pétroliers de la zone saharienne ”, Hérodote 3/2011 (n° 142) , p. 183-205
URL : www.cairn.info/revue-herodote-2011-3-page-183.htm.
DOI : 10.3917/her.142.0183.

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