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Hérodote

2012/3 (No 146-147)

  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9782707174512
  • DOI : 10.3917/her.146.0045
  • Publisher : La Découverte

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Abstract

English

Electoral rivalries, power struggles between the State and local communities, protests against development or infrastructure projects, power struggles in the suburbs, are in many ways different from what is commonly referred to as “geopolitical conflict,” that is, international conflicts and internal state conflicts. Their level of violence and media exposure is of a smaller scale. While the State’s role is different, other actors (companies, environment protection organizations, neighboring communities, etc.) play a major role in these local conflicts. Each of them has its own logic and unique means of action. Nevertheless, these conflicts must be analyzed as geopolitical ones, because what is at stake is the use, and, therefore, the control of a territory being disputed by actors with conflicting interests. Local geopolitics sets itself apart from political geography and research at the level of governance, as it seeks to bring together all factors that are specific to a territory, and which can help to explain what a situation of conflict is. These not only include electoral changes and relationships between actors, but also the territory’s issues and history, as well as the strategies of actors, and their representations.

Outline

  1. External, Internal, and Local Geopolitics: What Connections, What Differences?
    1. Wars and Civil wars, Obviously Geopolitical Conflicts. . .
    2. . . . And often Closely Related
    3. Important Scholarly Implications: Multidisciplinarity, Centrality of Territory, and Importance as they relate to Levels of Conflict
    4. Making Sense of the Multilevel Dimension of Conflicts
    5. A Similarity and a Difference: The Role of States and the Question of the State
  2. What Makes Local Conflicts Geopolitical?
    1. What is a local conflict?
    2. Conflicts on Very Small Territories Which Are, However, Not Local Conflicts
    3. Local Conflicts Sometimes Occur over Vast Territories
    4. The Territory, a Coveted Area Targeted by Appropriation Schemes
  3. Local Geopolitics, Political Geography and Governance
    1. Beyond a Solely Geographical Reading of Politics
    2. Research on Governance: A Local Geopolitics without Consideration for Political Figures and the Territory
    3. Local Geopolitical Strategies that Exploit the Tools of Governance and Urban Planning Policies
  4. Understanding Local Conflicts Using Geopolitical Concepts and Reasoning?
    1. Having Power or Control over a Territory Is Being Able to Use It
    2. How Do Actors Produce Balances of Power in Local Geopolitical Conflicts?
    3. The Role of Representations: Crisis and Critique of the Idea of General Interest

To cite this article

Philippe Subra, “ La géopolitique, une ou plurielle ? Place, enjeux et outils d'une géopolitique locale ”, Hérodote 3/2012 (n° 146-147) , p. 45-70
URL : www.cairn.info/revue-herodote-2012-3-page-45.htm.
DOI : 10.3917/her.146.0045.

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