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Hérodote

2012/3 (No 146-147)

  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9782707174512
  • DOI : 10.3917/her.146.0277
  • Publisher : La Découverte

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Previous Pages 277 - 307

Abstract

English

More than half a century separates Fukushima from Hiroshima-Nagasaki. Yet these two geopolitical events are linked by war. By 1953, the United States was seeking to legitimize the use of civil nuclear power in Japan, the country that, after the atomic bombings, was the most strongly resistant to it. Nonetheless, by 1954, thanks to high-ranking figures who held the political and economic reins both before and after 1945, Japan’s state capitalism was profiting from civil nuclear power. In May 2011, the public learned of the lies proffered by the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), which ran the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear facility where, on March 11 that year, reactors went into meltdown after the earthquake and tsunami, and of how the authorities had concealed the trajectory of the clearly identified nuclear cloud affecting tens of thousands of people. This caused a strong reversal in Japanese public opinion: 75 percent of Japanese citizens are now opposed to nuclear power; the tolerable level of radioactivity – the invisible enemy – in the contaminated zones has become a subject of controversy. However, the benchmark for comparison is not the most similar event, Chernobyl (1986), but rather Hiroshima and Nagasaki, a completely different phenomenon.

Outline

  1. Establishing Civil Nuclear Power in Japan as a Logical Outcome of Hiroshima
    1. Fukushima, an Attempt at a Natural Explanation before Returning to Solid Ground
    2. Why Japan?
    3. From the Atomic Bomb to Nuclear Power
    4. Key Figures Engaged in Politics
    5. From a Nuclear “Allergy” to Nuclear Tolerance
  2. Japan’s Nuclear Program from 1954 to Today
    1. The METI’s Influence
    2. TEPCO’s Disastrous Management
    3. Mox Fuel at Fukushima
    4. An Important Turn in Mid-May 2011
  3. The Nuclear Geography of Fukushima
    1. The Measurement Issue
    2. The Paradigm of Hiroshima and Its Limitations
    3. Fukushima, from Local to Global, and Back to WWII
    4. Nuclear Capitalism or Green Capitalism?
    5. The Economic World War
    6. Consequences

To cite this article

Philippe Pelletier, “ La guerre de Fukushima ”, Hérodote 3/2012 (n° 146-147) , p. 277-307
URL : www.cairn.info/revue-herodote-2012-3-page-277.htm.
DOI : 10.3917/her.146.0277.

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