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Hérodote

2013/4 (No 151)

  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 9782707177605
  • DOI : 10.3917/her.151.0186
  • Publisher : La Découverte

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Previous Pages 186 - 198

Abstract

English

A strict economic reading of conflicts in developing countries raises two major problems. First, it tends to ignore the political and symbolic reasons for conflict, which can also be caused by the quality of a country’s institutions, the way in which government is organized, its administrative culture, and the balance of power within any given society. Second, it underestimates the power of the weak by reducing all economic interconnections to the level of the hegemonic domination of the “center” over the “periphery” and of imperialist powers over their client states and/or former colonies. This paper deconstructs the paradigms that have changed considerably since the end of the Cold War. Its aim is not to deny the importance of the role played by economic resources in funding conflicts or in stirring jealousy. It is concerned more with debunking the determinist resource curse theory and the dependency theory based on exploitation, which have tended to reduce the geopolitical tensions in the “third world” to little more than a simple competition for resources.

Outline

  1. No General Rule
  2. Many Reasons for Mobilization
  3. Reasons for Success
  4. Resources and the International Conspiracy Theory
  5. The End of the Cold War and the Loss of Sense

To cite this article

Marc-Antoine Pérouse de Montclos, “ Des limites de l'économie dans la compréhension géopolitique des conflits des pays en développement ”, Hérodote 4/2013 (n° 151) , p. 186-198
URL : www.cairn.info/revue-herodote-2013-4-page-186.htm.
DOI : 10.3917/her.151.0186.

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