Home Sociology  &  Culture  Journal Issue Abstract

Population

2005/4 (Vol. 60)

  • Pages : 200
  • DOI : 10.3917/popu.504.0401
  • Publisher : I.N.E.D

Email alert

Your alert request has been correctly taken into account.
You will receive an email when new issues are put online.

Close

Pages 331 - 367 Next

Abstract

English

The death toll of the Rwandan genocide remains highly debatable. The frequently quoted estimate of 500,000 Tutsi killed is based on the population census of 1991. However, two unanswered questions make this estimate unreliable. First, how many Tutsi lived in Rwanda prior to the genocide? Second, how many Tutsi survived? With respect to the first question, critics say that the proportion of Tutsi was under-reported in the 1991 census. By comparing the census data with population data of the local administration of Gikongoro Prefecture, we provide evidence for this allegation and study how the under-reporting may affect the estimate of the genocide death toll. We also use local population data for 117 administrative sectors within Gikongoro Prefecture to make a detailed analysis of the spatial pattern of killings in Gikongoro. We find that Tutsi in Gikongoro had, on average, a 25% chance of surviving the genocide. The survival rate for women was only slightly higher than for men: 29% versus 21%. The location of huge massacres and the way violence spread across sectors were more decisive for the Tutsi survival rate than whether or not local authorities opposed the genocide.

Outline

  1. Evidence for under-reporting of Tutsi in the 1991 census
    1. The 1991 population census
    2. The population data of the local administration
    3. The population data of the local administration of Gikongoro Prefecture
    4. Evidence for the under-reporting of Tutsi in the 1991 census
    5. Implications for the estimation of the genocide death toll
  2. The pattern of killings in Gikongoro Prefecture
    1. The relationship between the proportion of Tutsi and population decline
      1. Preliminary evidence
      2. Estimation of the survival chance of Tutsi in Gikongoro
      3. The spatial pattern of killings in Gikongoro
      4. Conclusion
    2. The relationship between the proportion of Tutsi and the sex ratio
      1. Preliminary evidence
      2. Estimation of the survival chance of Tutsi men and women in Gikongoro
      3. The spatial pattern of survival chances of Tutsi men and women in Gikongoro
  3. Conclusion

To cite this article

Marijke Verpoorten, “ Le coût en vies humaines du génocide rwandais : le cas de la province de Gikongoro ”, Population 4/2005 (Vol. 60) , p. 401-439
URL : www.cairn.info/revue-population-2005-4-page-401.htm.
DOI : 10.3917/popu.504.0401.

© 2010-2014 Cairn.info
back to top
Feedback

Message sent

Your email address has been saved.
We will notify you when this article becomes available in English.